5 major compounds that make up

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5 major compounds that make up

Iron ore mining at Kiruna, Sweden. The average quantity of iron in the human body is about 4. Red meat, egg yolkcarrots, fruit, whole wheat, and green vegetables contribute most of the 10—20 milligrams of iron required each day by the average adult. For the treatment of hypochromic anemias caused by iron deficiencyany of a large number of organic or inorganic iron usually ferrous compounds are used.

Iron, as commonly available, nearly always contains small amounts of carbon, which are picked up from the coke during smelting.

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These modify its properties, from hard and brittle cast irons containing up to 4 percent carbon to more malleable low-carbon steels containing less than 0.

Three true allotropes of iron in its pure form occur. Below this temperature there is a transition to gamma iron, which has a face-centred cubic or cubic close-packed structure and is paramagnetic capable of being only weakly magnetized and only as long as the magnetizing field is present ; its ability to form solid solutions with carbon is important in steelmaking.

Alpha iron is a soft, ductile, lustrous, gray-white metal of high tensile strength. Pure iron is quite reactive. In a very finely divided state metallic iron is pyrophoric i. It combines vigorously with chlorine on mild heating and also with a variety of other nonmetals, including all of the halogenssulfurphosphorusboroncarbon, and silicon the carbide and silicide phases play major roles in the technical metallurgy of iron.

Metallic iron dissolves readily in dilute mineral acids. Very strongly oxidizing mediums—for example, concentrated nitric acid or acids containing dichromate—passivate iron i. Air-free water and dilute air-free hydroxides have little effect on the metal, but it is attacked by hot concentrated sodium hydroxide.

Natural iron is a mixture of four stable isotopes: In the case of iron the effect depends on the fact that the nucleus of iron can be excited to a high energy state by the absorption of gamma radiation of very sharply defined frequency that is influenced by the oxidation state, electron configuration, and chemical environment of the iron atom and can thus be used as a probe of its chemical behaviour.

Three oxygen compounds of iron are known: Ferrous oxide is a greenish to black powder used primarily as a pigment for glasses. It occurs in nature as the mineral wuestite and it can be prepared by heating a ferrous compound in the absence of air or by passing hydrogen over ferric oxide.

Ferric oxide is a reddish-brown to black powder that occurs naturally as the mineral hematite. It can be produced synthetically by igniting virtually any ferrous compound in air. Ferric oxide is the basis of a series of pigments ranging from yellow to a red known as Venetian red.

Ferric oxide forms a number of hydrates with variable structures and compositions.

5 major compounds that make up

A common form is iron rustproduced by the combined action of moisture, carbon dioxideand oxygen in the air on metallic iron. This process occurs in two steps: Ferrosoferric oxide occurs as the mineral magnetite in the form of magnetic, black or red-black crystals.

It is prepared by passing steam over red-hot iron. The oxide is widely employed in ferrites, substances with high magnetic permeability and high electrical resistivity used in certain computer memories and coatings for magnetic tape. It is also used as a pigment and a polishing agent. The action of sulfuric acid on iron results in the formation of two sulfur compounds: Ferrous sulfate heptahydrate, known in commerce as green vitriolor copperas, is obtained as a by-product of industrial processes using iron ores that have been treated with sulfuric acid.

It serves as a starting material for the manufacture of various other ferrous compounds and as a reducing agent. It is also employed in making inksfertilizersand pesticides and for iron electroplating. Ferric sulfate is produced on a large scale by adding sulfuric acid and an oxidizing agent e.

It is used to make iron alums and other ferric compounds; as a coagulant in water purification and sewage treatment; and as a mordant fixative in textile dyeing and printing.PREVENTING DISEASE THROUGH HEALTHY ENVIRONMENTS.

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