Pippa Evans Pippa Evans Pippa Evans is an award-winning comedian, actress, songwriter and improviser. Pippa has just returned from the Edinburgh Festival Fringe where she played her critically acclaimed show There Are No Guilty Pleasures to packed houses every day. Pippa is also co-founder of the Sunday Assembly, a monthly gathering that promotes community and learning in a non-religious environment. Having started with just one congregation in London, it is now a global movement with 67 Sunday Assemblies around the world.
September 3, Objectivism on Brokeback Mountain Abstract: While no character in Brokeback Mountain can be considered an Objectivist and the film is philosophically muddied and inconsistent, Brokeback Mountain contains and engenders more Objectivist thought than the vast majority of analysts have realized.
Knowledge of the creative process used by theatrical actors and directors—especially the Stanislavski system—is helpful, but not necessary. More than two years after the release of Brokeback Mountain, I was flipping through the channels one weekend and found the film playing on cable television.
I expected something I could evaluate easily from an Objectivist perspective. I presumed a story of two gay 1 ranchers who evaded the reality of their strongest desires, weakly surrendered to social metaphysics by marrying women, became altruists by serving the emotional and financial needs of their families, tried to remain faithful, but broke their marriage contracts by meeting up occasionally for a tryst here and there.
I assumed that this violation of an array of Objectivist precepts would produce inevitable disastrous results. During my first viewing, I interpreted the story through this framework. But over the next few days my mind repeatedly turned back to this complex film. As time passed, I became quite uneasy with my simplistic analysis.
The questions that stuck in my craw included: Were they guilty of reality evasion? And if they were, to what degree? Were these men guilty of altruism? Were these characters even gay? Which character, if any, exhibited Objectivist behavior? Had I been incorrect in my premises?
After watching the film a few more times, I realized that Brokeback Mountain contains more Objectivist thought than revealed in any analysis I had encountered. The Objectivist view of homosexuality has been contentious.
While Rand supported equal—but not special—rights under the law for homosexuals, she believed that private-sector discrimination against homosexuals should be allowed, provided the discrimination did not involve violence or the threat of violence.
Rand is on record with her opinion of homosexual acts: Objectivist Harry Binswanger claimed that in 4 Rand tempered her position by stating that not enough is known about the causes of homosexual desires to allow one to make a moral judgment on the behavior.
The second-hander is frequently a target of peer pressure, but social metaphysics is much more than peer pressure: A [second-hander] is one who regards the consciousness of other men as superior to his own and to the facts of reality.
It is to a [second-hander] that the moral appraisal of himself by others is a primary concern which supersedes truth, facts, reason, logic. It is only a [second-hander] who could conceive of such absurdity as hoping to win an intellectual argument by hinting: And then you go out on the pavement and everyone looks like they know too?
We have two gay men who, rather than run off to live together, "give in" to social metaphysics by returning to their respective societies, marrying, and doing what is expected of them; the results are disastrous.
But Jack and Ennis are not social metaphysicians.
They are also not gay. On their first trip to Brokeback Mountain, the characters separate themselves from society and their exploration of the environment allows them to determine a truth: They are emotionally and sexually attracted to each other and they are willing to act on that attraction through sexual experiences.
These are men, however, who also share and enjoy the prevailing values of their zeitgeist. Explaining romantic love and sexual expression, Objectivist psychotherapist Nathaniel Branden wrote: Of the various pleasures that man can offer himself, the greatest is pride—the pleasure he takes in his own achievements and in the creation of his own character.
The pleasure he takes in the character and achievements of another human being is that of admiration. The highest expression of the most intense union of these two responses—pride and admiration—is romantic love.
Its celebration is sex. A man falls in love with and sexually desires the person who reflects his own deepest values. It is the character of the ideal man that they share with the American West of The Brokeback Mountain (Film) Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, character list, theme list, historical context, author biography and quizzes written by community members like you.
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Brokeback Mountain, which opened in theaters last December, has already won four Golden Globe awards and three Critics’ Choice awards, including best drama for both. It chronicles a decades-long relationship between two ranch hands who meet, fall in love, then move on to marry women and start families of their own.
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When reviewing Brokeback Mountain I feel that we need to keep the whole situation in a proper perspective. We should remember the time that this movie was set in. Some may remember those days, and some not, but either way the mind set of society back then along with how gays reacted to the oppression that they lived under is far different than .
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