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Bovine spongiform encephalopathy BSE is a relatively new disease found primarily in cattle. This disease of the bovine breed was first seen in the United Kingdom in November by histopathological examination of affected brains Kimberlin, From the first discovery in to this disease developed into a large-scale epidemic in most of the United Kingdom, with very serious economic consequences Moore, BSE primarily occurs in adult cattle of both male and female genders.
The most common age at which cows may be affected is between the ages of four and five Blowey, Due to the fact that BSE is a neurological disease, it is characterized by many distinct symptoms: The duration of the clinical disease varies with each case, but most commonly lasts for several weeks.
BSE continues to progress and is usually considered fatal Blowey, After extensive research, the pathology of BSE was finally determined. Microscopic lesions in the central nervous system that consist of a bilaterally symmetrical, non-inflammatory vacuolation of neuronal perikarya and grey-matter neuropil was the scientists' overall conclusion Stadthalle, These lesions are consistent with the diseases of the more common scrapie family.
Without further investigation, the conclusion was made that BSE was a new member of the scrapie family Westgarth, Transmission of BSE is rather common throughout the cattle industry. After the incubation period of one to two years, experimental transmission was found possible by the injection of brain homogenates from clinical cases Swanson, This only confirmed that BSE is caused by a scrapie-like infectious agent.
How does the transmission become so readily available among the entire United Kingdom feedlot population?
Studies showed that the mode of infection was meat and bone meal that had been incorporated into concentrated feedstuffs as a protein-rich supplement Glausiusz, It is thought that the outbreak was started by a scrapie infection of cattle, but the subsequent course of the epidemic was driven by the recycling of infected cattle material within the cattle population Lyall, Although the average rate of infection is very low, the reason why this led to such a large number of BSE cases is that much of the United Kingdom dairy cattle population was exposed for many, continuous years Kimberlin, To help control the outbreak, the British government in introduced a ban on the feeding of ruminant protein to other ruminant animals Lacey, Such knowledge for the pathogenesis of the BSE disease shows precisely the actions that must be taken in order to control and minimize the risk of infection in healthy cattle around the world Darnton, The appearance of BSE has made a sizable impact throughout much of the world even though few countries, other than the United Kingdom, have experienced positive cases Burton, Get help on 【 Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Essay 】 on Graduateway Huge assortment of FREE essays & assignments The best writers!
Essay: Mad Cow Disease / Bovine spongiform encephalopathy Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), better know as Mad cow disease is a relatively new disease. Most sources state that BSE first showed up in Great Britain in [Dealler p.5] but some say it popped up in [Greger p.1].
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