Important facts of indian history

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Important facts of indian history

Modern History of India: While most of the invaders made their intentions clear right from the word go, the British managed to bring India under their control through a business venture. It all started with the British East India Company, which started off as a mere joint-stock company, but slowly went about spreading its wings and influence, before the British government finally took control of the entire country.

Important facts of indian history

The British company had landed in India in the early seventeenth century as Important facts of indian history, but began interfering in Indian affairs around s. After the battle of Plasseyit began to transform from a trading company to a ruling force.

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As the British began to spread their tentacles over a large part of India, the exploitation of local resources and people began in full force.

The British were concerned just about consolidating their rule and power. The British rule had a damaging effect on the social, economic, cultural and political life of Indians, which gradually forced common masses and rulers to rise in revolt against the British rule.

Several agrarian, tribal, and political rebellions broke out against the foreign rule, but it was the rebellion ofwhich proved as a launch pad for all the subsequent struggles against the British rule.

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The continuously increasing awareness, contact with the outside world, and the urge to free the motherland, gave rise to an organized movement by the end of the nineteenth century, which uprooted the year-old British rule in Since the British were equipped with huge cannons and newer war technology their support proved helpful to many Indian rulers.

In exchange for their support, the East India Company managed to set up trading centers in places like Madras, Calcutta and Bombay. The British gradually started to extend their fortification. When they were asked to stop their extension by Siraj-ud-daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, they defeated him in the Battle of Plassey This win against Siraj-ud-daulah played a crucial role in colonizing the whole of India.

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Early Rebellions Against the British Rule For their short-term benefit, many Indian rulers supported the British colonization in India, but many of them opposed the idea of foreign rule. This created a conflict between Indian rulers, which was further used by the British to their advantage.

Many rulers like Hyder Ali and Dheeran Chinnamalai sought the help of Maratha rulers in their fight against the British. Agitated by the ill-impact of the British rule on the social, cultural, tribal, and economic fabric of society, many individuals like Sidhu Murmu, Kanhu Murmu and Tilka Manjhi stood up against the British colonization.

While the British managed to defeat bigger ruler like Tipu Sultan via local alliances supporting one ruler against the otherthey did not have must difficulty in suppressing local agrarian and tribal rebellions. Even though the British tried their best to suppress rebellions across India, these revolts would not stop as the British not only subjected people to a foreign rule but also exploited people economically.

While the soldiers knew that the British were using factors like religion and caste against them, the news of the newly introduced Enfield P rifles using cartridges made out of fat extracted from beef and pork sparked a widespread rebellion against the British.

Since the soldiers had to bite the cartridge in order to load the rifle, it did not go down well with the Hindu and Muslim soldiers as it hurt their religious belief. Since consuming beef and pork is against the religious beliefs of Hindus and Muslims respectively, the allegation convinced Indian soldiers that the British were trying to convert them into Christians.

This, along with many other factors, played a crucial role in the revolt of the soldiers. Many Indian rulers from different states followed suit and locked horns with the British.

At the end of it all, at leastpeople, including many civilians, were killed. As a result of the rebellion, the British government took control of the administration of India from the East India Company. Slowly and gradually many organizations were formed that started to demand for some sort of self-governance and rights for Indians.

With more and more people coming up with the demand for more rights, several prominent people came forward and decided to form a platform that will demand for self rights and self governance.

It led to the formation of the Indian National Congress in Since the British failed to grant even the moderate demands set by the Congress, many Indians started questioning the moderate leaders of the Congress, and advocated more radical approach in dealing with the British, which gave rise to several revolutionary organizations that advocated use of force and violence.

Works done by socio-religious groups like Brahmo Samaj and Arya Samaj played a crucial role in creating awareness among Indians.

Chidambaram Pillai and Subramanya Bharathy evoked a sense of nationalism among Indians. However, they had done enough to instill nationalism into the minds of thousands of Indians. He argued that the partition would lead to a better administration and ease the rising conflict between the Hindus and the Muslims.

The Indian nationalists, however, believed that the move was an attempt to slow down the momentum gathered by the recent nationalist movements. They also believed that Lord Curzon was employing the divide and rule policy to create a rift between Hindus and Muslims.

This led to a large-scale protest against the British rule, including boycotting British products and publications of several rebellious newspapers and articles. The government was eventually forced to reunite Bengal in But a new partition, based on the languages spoken, was created soon after.

The partition of Bengal left an indelible mark on the people and political scenario of Bengal. The conference was set-up in an attempt to provide quality education to Indian Muslims.

Important facts of indian history

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The Southwest culture area is located between the Rocky. These important events and the common history brought all the people together and finally India got freedom.

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Important Facts of Indian History: ANCIENT INDIA