He was born in Gwalior as a son of Mukund Misra, who was a poet. As a young child he learnt music from the legendary teacher of his time, Haridas Swami.
In fact, no other people of Asia have kept such extensive accounts of South Asia as the Chinese did for almost 2, years. These records provide important information about South Asian polities, societies, religious practices, as well as the Buddhist, commercial, and diplomatic connections between ancient China and South Asia.
Several caveats with regard to these Chinese records on South Asia, however, need to be mentioned at the outset. First, the Dynastic Histories, compiled by Confucian court officials, portrayed foreign regions and peoples as uncivilized, who were subject to the Chinese emperor.
These court officials also looked at commercial activities with contempt and perceived the merchant class as parasitic elements of society. As a consequence, all missions from South Asia were described as tributary embassies despite their apparent commercial intentions. To make the issue more complex, foreign merchants residing at the Chinese coasts are also known to have represented foreign polities to the Chinese court Hartwell ; Sen Records of tributary mission in the Dynastic Histories, therefore, cannot be always used to denote diplomatic or political connections between South Asian polities and the write about tansen sen in China.
Second, the Dynastic Histories also tend to indict foreign rulers for instigating military conflicts and present the responses by the Chinese court as justified acts. Such records need to be used with caution because in both instances the facts may have been more complicated than those presented in Chinese sources.
Third, between the tenth and thirteenth centuries, when detailed writings on South Asia by Chinese Buddhist pilgrims ceased, reports about the region were supplied to the writers in China by people from South-East Asia or the Persian Gulf.
These sources seem to have passed on, sometimes deliberately, incorrect information about the region to the Chinese. Thus, during the Song period —the powerful Chola kingdom ? This was despite the fact that the Chola navy had made punitive attacks on 1rivijayan ports in the early eleventh century Sen Fourth, Chinese Buddhist records likewise need to be carefully analysed when reconstructing historical events and sites in South Asia.
Such caution is also required for an accurate understanding of the Buddhist exchanges between South Asia and China reported in these sources. The records of Chinese Buddhist travellers, for example, were written from the perspective of religious devotees visiting their holy land.
Their writings were primarily for an audience in China that included members of the Buddhist clergy, the critics of the doctrine, and even the emperor. As a result, sectarian agendas, hagiographical traditions, and the need to legitimize the foreign religion in China often dictated the descriptions of South Asian rulers and their interactions with the local Buddhist communitiessociety, and geography found in such works.
Much of this information may have remained unknown without these Chinese writings. For the purposes of this essay, the Chinese textual sources are simply categorized into two groups: There is also a significant amount of archaeological data that adds to our knowledge about the exchanges between South Asia and China.
Some of these archaeological discoveries are briefly discussed in this essay as well.
Archaeological sources range from objects and artefacts to inscriptions and epithets. Only a few of these works are highlighted in this essay. This work established the model for the subsequent 25 Dynastic Histories, each focusing on a specific Chinese dynasty that was usually composed by court officials belonging to the succeeding dynasty.
The failed attempt to find this route by Zhang Qian is also mentioned in Shi ji. The Han court, according to Han shu, repeatedly tried to install rulers who it thought would lead to the establishment of a friendly regime in the extremely volatile western frontiers of its empire Sen During the next several centuries, Jibin, the geographical contours of which broadened in the fifth century to include modern-day Kashmir, emerged as a key location for commercial and Buddhist exchanges between South Asia and China.
Based on the reports of Buddhist pilgrims, tributary missions, and, in some cases, Chinese diplomats, Tianzhu was divided into five parts: East, West, North, South, and Middle. The court historians were aware of the existence of several independent polities, the practice of the Brahmanical jati tradition, and the use of various languages and writing systems in Tianzhu.
It could also be discerned that within the Chinese worldview, Tianzhu occupied a distinct position.
The Chinese Buddhists, as outlined below, frequently highlighted these features of their holy land and were partially responsible for the ways 56 Tansen Sen in which Tianzhu was described in the Dynastic Histories.India, China, and the World: A Connected History [Tansen Sen, Wang Gungwu] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This pathbreaking study provides the first comprehensive examination of India-China interactions in the broader contexts of Asian and world history. By focusing on material exchangesAuthor: Tansen Sen. India, China, and the World: A Connected History [Tansen Sen, Wang Gungwu] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
This pathbreaking study provides the first comprehensive examination of India-China interactions in the broader contexts of Asian and world history.
By focusing on material exchanges.
Tansen (c. – ), also referred to as Tan Sen or Ramtanu, was a prominent figure of North Indian (Hindustani) classical music. Born in a Hindu family, he learned and perfected his art in the northwest region of modern Madhya benjaminpohle.com: Hindustani Classical Music.
In Search of Longevity and Good Karma: Chinese Diplomatic Missions to Middle India in the Seventh Century * ), especially Chapter 1. See also Tansen Sen, "Maritime Contacts between China and the Cola Kingdom ()," in Mariners Xuanzang set out to write a book that satisfied the emperor's political curiosity about the Western.
Tansen Sen is on Facebook. Join Facebook to connect with Tansen Sen and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world. Tansen Sen’s success in melding two disciplinary approaches, that of social history and the study of Buddhism, make this a seminal work in understanding the very complicated relation between the spread of religious beliefs and economic benjaminpohle.coms: 2.